Early 11th-12th Centuries
The Winchester Troper was originally copied out and used at Winchester Cathedral in England. Tropes, musical and/or textual additions to plainchants, render the chants appropriate for a particular occasion or festival of the church. The Winchester Troper is a foundational text for the study of Anglo-Saxon musical and liturgical practice and neume notation. The most innovative element of the collection is a series of 174 organa for two voices, representing a musical practice not recorded elsewhere in Europe before the 13th century. This copy is a photographic reproduction of the original.