Manuscript Leaf from Antiphonal in Latin
Late 14th Century
This original vellum manuscript leaf is from a German antiphonal, a service book that contains the sung portions of the daily devotions performed by members of the clergy and members of religious orders. The small size of both the Latin text and the neumes (musical notation) on this leaf indicates that it would have been used by an individual singer. The neumes used here are known as Hufnagel neumes, the name deriving from the German word for horseshoe nails, which the notes resemble. The text is from Luke, a festival celebrating the Visitation of Mary and Elizabeth.